VAW, especially, the sexual violence cases is increasing in an alarming way. As evidenced by the documented cases, 78 women and girls suffered from sexual related abuses (Chaitra 2070, WOREC). It gives an alarm on the safety of girl's mobility and provides a fear for them to move independently. It not only jeopardizes the health and well beings of women and girls but also left them stigmatized.
क्रमिक रूपमा बढ्दै गएको दाइजो प्रथाले दिन प्रतिदिन हाम्रो समाजमा ठूलै चुनौती दिएको छ । विवाह गर्दा तिलक लिनु वा दिनु हुँदैन भनेर कानुनमा स्पष्ट किटान गरिएको छ । तर व्यवहारमा भने तिलक दाईजोको लेनदेन अहिले झन् बढ्दै गएको छ । नेपालको सामाजिक व्यवहार (सुधार) ऐन, २०३३ मा विवाह हुँदा तिलक वा दाइजो लिन दिन हुँदैन र यदि कसैबाट तिलक लिने वा दिने गरेमा सजाय हुने कुरालाई स्पष्ट व्याख्या गरिएको छ । नेपालका सबै जात जातिमा देखासिखिको रूपमा झाङ्गिदै गएको दहेज प्रथाले तराईका केही समुदायमा झन् गहिरो जरो गाडेको छ ।
Hunger, poverty, discrimination, exploitation, violence and misuse of resources are the major problems and challenges that humanity has been facing today. Over exploitation or misuse of natural resources, misuse of chemical inputs on the farm lands, green house farming have created a number of challenges that has threatened life of biological organisms including human beings as well as existence of planet Earth. Our traditional villages have all of these and other anomalies and problems at micro-level.
Violence against Women (VAW) is increasing, in an alarming way, every day. Women are subjected to different forms of violence- rape, domestic/social violence, murder, trafficking, sexual and mental harassment. As the country was observing International Women's Day, a woman from Saptari was found with critical burn injuries at her residence, a woman was rejected by her in laws for not providing them with a gold ring, a woman from Siraha was thrashed by her neighbors blaming as a witch.
Nepal has committed itself to the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), 2000. Since then, Nepal has gone through many transformations: an armed conflict has ended; a monarchy has been abolished; the creation of a democracy has begun; a constituent assembly elected, dissolved and second constituent assembly elected; abortion has been legalized. However, while there has been a move towards equality and democracy, the status of women still remains a concern.
WOREC has attempted to shed light on the issues of VAW by documenting and compiling VAW cases from different sources like Networks, Women Federation and documenters from different districts. As evidenced by report, women are at high risk of domestic violence within the family. While studying the forms of Domestic Violence, the women suffer from dowry related abuses most.
Violence against women has reached its pervasive stage in Nepal. Home, the most safe place becomes the most unsafe space for women. Women do resist violence whether intimate, institutional and structural in their everyday lives in many ways. Recent publicized case of Chitwan where a woman committed suicide due to unable to bear the domestic violence meted out by her family members. Likewise, a woman from Sunsari district is thrown away from home; seeing no alternatives to live and not getting her basic needs, she attempted to suicide.
Every year feminists from all over the world celebrate 16 days of Activism as an International day to end Violence against Women. With the slogan " Initiation of World peace from Home: Let's challenge Militarism and End Violence against women" , this year also 16 days of Activism had been celebrated by organizing different programs. The government of Nepal had also committed to reducing the violence against women since past few decades but has not been very successful. Due to this, VAW had reached its pervasive stage in Nepal.
Women Right Activists have long been drawing the attention of the concerned bodies about the increment of VAW cases since long time but Violence against Women (VAW) is increasing, in an alarming way, every day. Women are subjected to different forms of violence- rape, domestic/social violence, murder, trafficking, sexual and mental harassment. Recent case of Nepalgunj where a pregnant woman was brutally beaten by her own neighbor because of the death of a chick, luring to provide Rs 20, a girl of 4 year was raped by 44 year man in Sunsari district.